Michigan Employment Statistics

  • 248,445 employers
  • 4,339,850 employees
  • $1,035 average weekly wage
  • The average weekly wage is 6.0% below the national average
  • The cost of living is 10.7% below the national average

Types of Employers (Private Sector vs Government Agency)

As an employer in Michigan, you are most likely to be running a private company rather than a government agency. 97.0% of employers run private companies in the state, 0.0% less than the national average of 97.0. The remaining 3.0% of employers are government agencies: 0.6% work in a federal agency, 0.4% work for the state and 2.0% work for local government. The chart below illustrates the breakout of employers by type.
87.0% of employees work for a private company, this is 1.8% greater than the national average of 85.2%. Local government agencies employ 8.1% of the workers in the state, state government agencies employ 3.6% of the workers and the federal government employs 1.2%. The percentage of employees working for a government agency (13.0%) is 1.8% lower than the national average. The chart below illustrates the breakout of employees by type of employer.
The average weekly wage in Michigan is $1,035 per week, which is 6.0% greater than the national average of $1,101 per week. Michigan workers that are employed by private businesses earn $1,031 per week, 6.3% lower than the national average for private company employees. Employees of federal government agencies in Michigan earn $1,507 per week, a premium of 46.2% compared to what employees of private companies earn. The chart below illustrates the average weekly by type of employer.


Leading Sectors

Businesses by Sector

The sector with the greatest number of businesses in the state is Retail trade with 13.0% of the businesses in the state. Other services (12.5%) and Professional services (11.1%) round out the top 3 sectors.
Table: Sectors by # of Businesses
Sector# Businesses% of Bus.
Retail trade32,24613.0%
Other services31,02312.5%
Professional services27,62711.1%
Healthcare21,7248.7%
Construction19,9528.0%
Accommodation and food services18,4427.4%
Manufacturing16,0716.5%
Waste services13,6195.5%
Wholesale trade13,1695.3%
Finance and insurance11,6794.7%
Real estate and rental7,4193.0%
Transport and warehousing6,6042.7%
Information6,2872.5%
Arts and entertainment3,5921.4%
Unclassified3,4061.4%
Educational services3,0961.2%
Agriculture and forestry2,8781.2%
Company management1,2960.5%
Utilities4250.2%
Mining and oil extraction4030.2%


Employees by Sector

The sector with the greatest number of employees in the state is Manufacturing with 14.5% of the employees in the state. Healthcare (13.7%) and Retail trade (10.8%) round out the top 3 sectors.
Table: Sectors by # of Employees
Sector# Employees% of Emp'
Manufacturing627,79914.5%
Healthcare595,18513.7%
Retail trade469,07410.8%
Accommodation and food services379,2908.7%
Professional services297,4316.9%
Waste services292,0336.7%
Wholesale trade171,6244.0%
Construction168,6463.9%
Finance and insurance148,6443.4%
Other services139,8593.2%
Transport and warehousing125,6162.9%
Company management68,4361.6%
Educational services63,9551.5%
Information56,2421.3%
Real estate and rental54,7061.3%
Arts and entertainment53,2041.2%
Agriculture and forestry30,3080.7%
Utilities20,2790.5%
Unclassified8,4120.2%
Mining and oil extraction5,5460.1%


Average Weekly Wage by Sector

The sector that pays their employees the highest is Company management paying $2,452per week compared with the state average of $1,031. Utilities ($2,321) and Professional services ($1,691) round out the top 3 sectors.
Table: Wages by Sector
SectorWkly Wagevs St Avg.
Company management$2,452237.8%
Utilities$2,321225.1%
Professional services$1,691164.0%
Mining and oil extraction$1,598155.0%
Finance and insurance$1,540149.4%
Wholesale trade$1,467142.3%
Information$1,415137.2%
Manufacturing$1,299126.0%
Construction$1,199116.3%
Transport and warehousing$1,074104.2%
Healthcare$97894.9%
Unclassified$95292.3%
Real estate and rental$92589.7%
Educational services$75172.8%
Waste services$70668.5%
Arts and entertainment$65063.0%
Other services$64062.1%
Agriculture and forestry$63561.6%
Retail trade$59858.0%
Accommodation and food services$36034.9%


Leading Industries

Businesses by Industry

Each broad sector is made up of specific industries. In Michigan. the industry with the most businesses is Restaurants and other eating places with 5.5% of the businesses in the state (with 13,602 employing 292,492 workers). Private households (5.0%) and Residential building construction (2.2%) round out the top 3 industries. The Top 10 Industries in the state are:
Industry# BusinessesEmp/Biz
Restaurants and other eating places13,60221.5
Private households12,3921.1
Residential building construction5,5313.9
Offices of physicians4,69015.6
Computer systems design and related services4,58311.0
Offices of lawyers4,1035.6
Insurance agencies and brokerages3,9045.4
All other professional and technical services3,8414.0
Offices of dentists3,7398.6
Accounting and bookkeeping services3,6277.4


Employees by Industry

The industry with the greatest number of employees in the state is Restaurants and other eating places with 6.7% of the businesses in the state. The industry employs 292,492 in 13,602 businesses, there are 21.5 employees on average in each of these businesses. General medical and surgical hospitals (4.6%) and Temporary help services (2.6%) round out the top 3 industries.
Table: Industries by # of Employees
Industry# EmpEmp/Biz
Restaurants and other eating places292,49221.5
General medical and surgical hospitals201,581616.5
Temporary help services113,51697.0
General merchandise stores including warehouse clubs and supercenters77,84137.5
Offices of physicians73,11315.6
Management of companies and enterprises68,43652.8
Engineering services55,51430.0
Supermarkets and other grocery stores55,10535.8
Computer systems design and related services50,32611.0
Nursing care facilities skilled nursing42,70396.0


Average Weekly Wage by Industry

The industry that pays their employees the most is Spectator sports, paying $4,742 compared with the state average of $1,031. Investment banking and securities dealing ($4,444) and Coal and other mineral merchant wholesalers ($3,802) round out the top 3 industries.
Table: Wages by Industry
IndustryWkly Wage% of Avg
Spectator sports$4,742459.9
Investment banking and securities dealing$4,444431.0
Coal and other mineral merchant wholesalers$3,802368.8
Management training$3,208311.2
Securities brokerage$3,004291.4
Other financial vehicles$2,956286.7
Other insurance funds$2,861277.5
Credit card issuing$2,730264.8
Portfolio management$2,675259.5
Internet publishing and web search portals$2,594251.6


Company Size

Michigan Businesses by Size

The solopreneur company, has the most businesses in Michigan by far. 59.5% of all businesses in the state have fewer than 5 employees. The 225,522 small businesses in the state represent 94.8% of all private businesses. The national average is 92.6%. (Small businesses have fewer than 50 employees, Solopreneurs employ fewer than 5.) The pie chart below illustrates the ratio of business sizes.

Michigan Employees by Business Size

The largest companies in the state represent 238.2% of all employees, which is 99.7% higher than the national average of 138.4%. Interestingly, the smallest companies in the state employ a higher percentage than the largest companies, this is not typical. The solopreneur (those that employ fewer than 5) companies employ 93.7% of all workers, which is 2.2% higher than the national average of 91.5%. All small companies, those employing fewer than 50 people, represent 582.5% of the labor force in the state, 32.5% more than the national average of 550.0%.

Michigan Avg Weekly Wages by Business Size

Michigan workers in every size business are paid less than the national average. The smallest companies in Michigan (those with fewer than 5 employees) pay workers 2.3% less than the national average ($953 per week as compared to the national average of $975 per week). The largest companies in Michigan (those with more than 1,000 employees) pay 19.2% workers below the national average ($1,579 per week as compared to the national average of $1,882 per week).



Data Sources




About the Writer

This page was created and is maintained by Kurt Tietjen, Founder of Stavera, High Peak Media & HomeGearWorks.com. Kurt is an executive, data scientist and software engineer who holds an MBA in Management Information Systems. In 2010, he partnered with scientists at Northwestern University to launch The Street Wire. This was one of the first mainstream uses of what would become “Narrative Science”, an artificial intelligence platform specializing in natural language generation. You can contact Kurt on LinkedIn here.