Michigan Q1, 2019 Employment Statistics

  • 249,679 employers, up 1.9% from 245,130
  • 4,289,854 employees, up 0.8% from 4,256,062
  • $1,078 average weekly wage, up 0.1% from $1,077
  • The average weekly wage is 9.0% below the national average
  • The cost of living is 10.7% below the national average

Employer & Employee Growth

In the last year, the number of employers in the state increased by 4,549, which is an increase of 1.9%. The number of employees in Michigan increased by 33,792, an increase of 0.8%. During this same period, the average weekly wage increased by $1, an increase of 0.1%.

The number of private employers increased since last years' Q1. The number of private businesses increased by 4,551 or 1.9%. Growth in private businesses in Michigan grew slower than the national average of 3.0%. The number of employees in these businesses increased since last years' Q1, increasing by 34,703 or 0.9%. The growth in employees of private businesses in Michigan was slower than the national average of 1.7%.

The average weekly wage of employees of private businesses decreased since last years' Q1. The averge weekly wage declined by $3 or 0.3%. Growth in average weekly wage of employees of private businesses in Michigan grew slower than the national average of 3.0%.


Leading Sectors

Businesses by Sector

The sector with the greatest number of businesses in the state is Retail trade with 12.9% of the businesses in the state. The number of businesses in this sector increased by 1.0%. Other services (12.5%), which increased by 3.0% and Professional services (11.1%), which increased by 1.8%, round out the 3 largest sectors.

Table: Sectors by Year-over-Year Qtly Business Change %
SectorChange Biz% Change
Company management766.0%
Information3375.5%
Transport and warehousing3194.9%
Agriculture and forestry913.2%
Other services9063.0%
Real estate and rental2082.9%
Utilities122.9%
Construction5642.9%
Educational services862.8%
Manufacturing4142.6%
Mining and oil extraction92.2%
Professional services5021.8%
Accommodation and food services2211.2%
Retail trade3331.0%
Arts and entertainment-14-0.4%
Finance and insurance-68-0.6%
Healthcare-177-0.8%
Waste services-173-1.3%
Wholesale trade-183-1.4%


Employees by Sector

The sector with the greatest number of employees in the state is Manufacturing with 14.7% of the employees in the state, had an increase in employees of 1.5% in the last year. Healthcare (13.8%), increased by 0.3% and Retail trade (10.6%), decreased by 0.9%, round out the top 3 sectors.

Table: Sectors by Year-over-Year Qtly Employee Change %
SectorEmployee Change% Change
Transport and warehousing10,5138.7%
Company management2,8824.3%
Construction5,0853.4%
Arts and entertainment1,3583.1%
Real estate and rental1,3262.5%
Finance and insurance2,8221.9%
Utilities3101.6%
Professional services4,6261.6%
Manufacturing9,0731.5%
Other services1,8191.3%
Accommodation and food services2,1130.6%
Mining and oil extraction200.4%
Agriculture and forestry810.4%
Wholesale trade5640.4%
Healthcare1,7020.3%
Retail trade-4,067-0.9%
Educational services-763-1.2%
Information-1,052-1.9%
Waste services-6,067-2.1%


Average Weekly Wage by Sector

The sector that pays their employees the highest is Company management paying $3,117per week compared with the state average of $1,082. Weekly wages in this sector declined by $317 or 9.2%. Utilities ($2,919), rose by $209 or 7.7% and Finance and insurance ($1,766) declined by $55 or 3.0% round out the 3 largest sectors.

Table: Sectors by Year-over-Year Weekly Wage Change %
SectorWage ChangeChange %
Utilities$2097.7%
Mining and oil extraction$926.0%
Agriculture and forestry$335.1%
Information$614.0%
Healthcare$293.1%
Waste services$172.5%
Other services$132.1%
Accommodation and food services$61.7%
Retail trade$91.5%
Real estate and rental$40.4%
Wholesale trade$00.0%
Construction$-2-0.2%
Professional services$-16-0.9%
Transport and warehousing$-17-1.5%
Manufacturing$-38-2.7%
Finance and insurance$-55-3.0%
Educational services$-34-4.5%
Arts and entertainment$-41-5.9%
Company management$-317-9.2%


Leading Industries

Businesses by Industry

Each broad sector is made up of specific industries. In Michigan. the industry with the most businesses is Restaurants and other eating places with 5.5% of the businesses in the state (with 13,642 employing 286,572 workers). The Restaurants and other eating places industry had 184 more businesses, an increase of 1.4% in the last year. Private households (5.1% of businesses) added 909 businesses, an increase of 7.7% and Residential building construction (2.2% of businesses) added 234 businesses, an increase of 4.3% round out the 3 industries with the most businesses.

Table: Top 7 Industries by Business Change %
IndustryBusiness Chg% Change
Securities and commodity exchanges480.0%
Trusts estates and agency accounts2052.6%
Apiculture342.9%
Breakfast cereal manufacturing333.3%
Fiber yarn and thread mills233.3%
Other consumer goods rental12328.9%
All other specialty trade contractors36028.1%


Table: Top 7 Industries by Business Change #
IndustryBusiness Chg% Change
Private households9097.7%
All other professional and technical services49913.9%
All other specialty trade contractors36028.1%
Residential building construction2344.3%
General merchandise stores including warehouse clubs and supercenters1869.4%
Restaurants and other eating places1841.4%
All other miscellaneous manufacturing17414.4%


Employees by Industry

Private households (5.1% of employees) added 909 employees, an increase of 7.7% and Residential building construction (2.2% ofemployees) added 234 employees, an increase of 4.3% round out the 3 industries with the most employees.

Table: Top 7 Industries by Employee Change %
IndustryEmp Chg% Change
Forest nursery and gathering forest products74146.1%
Sheep farming890.8%
Aquaculture3477.6%
Miscellaneous intermediation25364.3%
Electric lamp bulb and part manufacturing360.0%
Natural gas extraction6252.6%
Scenic and sightseeing transportation other451.9%


Table: Top 7 Industries by Employee Change #
IndustryEmp Chg% Change
General warehousing and storage5,12835.2%
Management of companies and enterprises2,8824.3%
Restaurants and other eating places2,4640.9%
Engineering services2,2904.2%
Direct life and health insurance carriers2,20316.2%
Management consulting services1,6316.3%
All other professional and technical services1,3199.3%


Average Weekly Wage by Industry

Private households ($5) and Residential building construction ($2) round out the top 3 industries. Employees in the Private households ($5 per week) were paid $909 more per week, an increase of 7.7% and Residential building construction ($2 per week) were paid $234 more per week, an increase of 4.3% round out the 3 industries that pay their employees the most.

Table: Top 7 Industries by Wage Change %
IndustryWkly Chg% Change
Monetary authorities - central bank$1,174140.4%
Footwear merchant wholesalers$1,91179.6%
Tour operators$29246.6%
Photofinishing$25439.8%
Trusts estates and agency accounts$38338.1%
Navigational services to shipping$97537.9%
Toy and hobby goods merchant wholesalers$28737.5%


Table: Top 7 Industries by Wage Change $
IndustryWkly Chg% Change
Footwear merchant wholesalers$1,91179.6%
Monetary authorities - central bank$1,174140.4%
Navigational services to shipping$97537.9%
Sales financing$63121.4%
Electric lamp bulb and part manufacturing$53321.2%
Trusts estates and agency accounts$38338.1%
Medical equipment and supplies manufacturing$35418.0%


Company Size

Michigan Businesses by Size

The solopreneur company, has the most businesses in Michigan by far. 60.0% of all businesses in the state have fewer than 5 employees. The 229,695 small businesses in the state represent 94.8% of all private businesses. The national average is 92.9%. (Small businesses have fewer than 50 employees, Solopreneurs employ fewer than 5.) Michigan added 4,551 businesses in the last year, an increase of 1.9% as compared to the national average of 3.0%.

Small businesses are defined as companies with fewer than 50 employees. These small businesses added 4,519 businesses in the last year, which is an increase of 2.0% as compared to the national average of 3.1%.

Mid-sized businesses are defined as companies with between 50 and 499 employees. These mid-sized businesses added 50 businesses in the last year, which is an increase of 0.4% as compared to the national average of 1.3%.

Large businesses are defined as companies with more than 500 employees. These large businesses declined 18 businesses in the last year, which is a decrease of 2.8% as compared to the national average of 2.1%.



Michigan Employees by Business Size

Michigan added 104,109 employees in the last year, an increase of 2.9% as compared to the national average of 5.2%. Small businesses are defined as companies with fewer than 50 employees. These small businesses added 56,920 businesses in the last year, which is an increase of 32.9% as compared to the national average of 4.2%.

Mid-sized businesses are defined as companies with between 50 and 499 employees. Mid-sized businesses added 44,143 employees in the last year, which is an increase of 3.1% as compared to the national average of 4.7%.

Large businesses are defined as companies with more than 500 employees. Large businesses added 3,046 employees in the last year, which is an increase of 0.4% as compared to the national average of 9.2%.

Michigan Avg Weekly Wages by Business Size

Michigan workers in every size business are paid less than the national average. The smallest companies in Michigan (those with fewer than 5 employees) pay workers 3.8% less than the national average ($968 per week as compared to the national average of $1,005 per week). The largest companies in Michigan (those with more than 1,000 employees) pay 25.5% workers below the national average ($1,524 per week as compared to the national average of $1,913 per week).

Average weekly wages in small businesses added $71 per week in the last year, which is an increase of 2.1% as compared to the national average of 3.1%. Employees of mid-sized businesses lost $19 in wages per week in the last year, which is a decrease of 0.6% as compared to the national average of 1.3%.

Employees of large businesses added $-27 of weekly wages in the last year, which is an increase of -0.9% as compared to the national average of 2.1%.



Data Sources




About the Writer

This page was created and is maintained by Kurt Tietjen, Founder of Stavera, High Peak Media & HomeGearWorks.com. Kurt is an executive, data scientist and software engineer who holds an MBA in Management Information Systems. In 2010, he partnered with scientists at Northwestern University to launch The Street Wire. This was one of the first mainstream uses of what would become “Narrative Science”, an artificial intelligence platform specializing in natural language generation. You can contact Kurt on LinkedIn here.