Ohio Employment Statistics

  • 297,332 employers
  • 5,404,815 employees
  • $973 average weekly wage
  • The average weekly wage is 11.6% below the national average
  • The cost of living is 7.2% below the national average

Types of Employers (Private Sector vs Government Agency)

As an employer in Ohio, you are most likely to be running a private company rather than a government agency. 95.2% of employers run private companies in the state, 1.8% less than the national average of 97.0. The remaining 4.8% of employers are government agencies: 0.6% work in a federal agency, 0.4% work for the state and 3.8% work for local government. The chart below illustrates the breakout of employers by type.
86.7% of employees work for a private company, this is 1.5% greater than the national average of 85.2%. Local government agencies employ 9.4% of the workers in the state, state government agencies employ 2.4% of the workers and the federal government employs 1.5%. The percentage of employees working for a government agency (13.3%) is 1.5% lower than the national average. The chart below illustrates the breakout of employees by type of employer.
The average weekly wage in Ohio is $973 per week, which is 11.6% greater than the national average of $1,101 per week. Ohio workers that are employed by private businesses earn $961 per week, 12.6% lower than the national average for private company employees. Employees of federal government agencies in Ohio earn $1,510 per week, a premium of 57.1% compared to what employees of private companies earn. The chart below illustrates the average weekly by type of employer.


Leading Sectors

Businesses by Sector

The sector with the greatest number of businesses in the state is Retail trade with 11.9% of the businesses in the state. Professional services (11.1%) and Healthcare (10.5%) round out the top 3 sectors.
Table: Sectors by # of Businesses
Sector# Businesses% of Bus.
Retail trade35,28011.9%
Professional services33,12711.1%
Healthcare31,22910.5%
Accommodation and food services24,5058.2%
Wholesale trade24,0388.1%
Other services23,5347.9%
Construction23,0597.8%
Waste services17,9186.0%
Finance and insurance17,5095.9%
Manufacturing15,4065.2%
Real estate and rental11,2653.8%
Transport and warehousing8,6582.9%
Information4,6131.6%
Arts and entertainment4,0021.3%
Educational services3,2631.1%
Company management2,1870.7%
Agriculture and forestry1,6090.5%
Mining and oil extraction8600.3%
Utilities5960.2%
Unclassified3340.1%


Employees by Sector

The sector with the greatest number of employees in the state is Healthcare with 15.0% of the employees in the state. Manufacturing (12.9%) and Retail trade (10.4%) round out the top 3 sectors.
Table: Sectors by # of Employees
Sector# Employees% of Emp'
Healthcare808,54515.0%
Manufacturing698,97412.9%
Retail trade563,80610.4%
Accommodation and food services484,8559.0%
Waste services327,9316.1%
Professional services262,7914.9%
Wholesale trade234,7804.3%
Finance and insurance227,2004.2%
Construction220,6994.1%
Transport and warehousing198,8133.7%
Other services156,6582.9%
Company management140,7462.6%
Educational services95,5141.8%
Arts and entertainment81,7901.5%
Information70,9591.3%
Real estate and rental64,1481.2%
Utilities19,1110.4%
Agriculture and forestry16,6650.3%
Mining and oil extraction11,8600.2%
Unclassified4600.0%


Average Weekly Wage by Sector

The sector that pays their employees the highest is Company management paying $2,096per week compared with the state average of $961. Utilities ($1,941) and Finance and insurance ($1,534) round out the top 3 sectors.
Table: Wages by Sector
SectorWkly Wagevs St Avg.
Company management$2,096218.1%
Utilities$1,941202.0%
Finance and insurance$1,534159.6%
Professional services$1,453151.2%
Mining and oil extraction$1,409146.6%
Wholesale trade$1,380143.6%
Information$1,348140.3%
Manufacturing$1,182123.0%
Construction$1,177122.5%
Transport and warehousing$974101.4%
Real estate and rental$93497.2%
Healthcare$91595.2%
Unclassified$90394.0%
Educational services$70473.3%
Agriculture and forestry$68070.8%
Waste services$67970.7%
Arts and entertainment$66769.4%
Other services$65468.1%
Retail trade$55157.3%
Accommodation and food services$32533.8%


Leading Industries

Businesses by Industry

Each broad sector is made up of specific industries. In Ohio. the industry with the most businesses is Restaurants and other eating places with 6.4% of the businesses in the state (with 19,167 employing 411,702 workers). Computer systems design and related services (2.9%) and Offices of physicians (2.3%) round out the top 3 industries. The Top 10 Industries in the state are:
Industry# BusinessesEmp/Biz
Restaurants and other eating places19,16721.5
Computer systems design and related services8,7077.2
Offices of physicians6,87813.7
Wholesale trade agents and brokers5,6183.0
Insurance agencies and brokerages5,2595.3
Management consulting services4,9226.1
Offices of lawyers4,6856.0
Residential building construction4,6324.3
Landscaping services4,1277.0
Accounting and bookkeeping services4,0517.5


Employees by Industry

The industry with the greatest number of employees in the state is Restaurants and other eating places with 7.6% of the businesses in the state. The industry employs 411,702 in 19,167 businesses, there are 21.5 employees on average in each of these businesses. General medical and surgical hospitals (4.5%) and Management of companies and enterprises (2.6%) round out the top 3 industries.
Table: Industries by # of Employees
Industry# EmpEmp/Biz
Restaurants and other eating places411,70221.5
General medical and surgical hospitals243,9161,103.7
Management of companies and enterprises140,74664.4
Temporary help services119,83255.5
Offices of physicians94,09613.7
Nursing care facilities skilled nursing93,70187.5
Supermarkets and other grocery stores85,44645.3
General merchandise stores including warehouse clubs and supercenters76,64235.8
Home health care services63,89933.2
Computer systems design and related services62,6087.2


Average Weekly Wage by Industry

The industry that pays their employees the most is Investment banking and securities dealing, paying $4,171 compared with the state average of $961. Spectator sports ($3,712) and Open-end investment funds ($3,293) round out the top 3 industries.
Table: Wages by Industry
IndustryWkly Wage% of Avg
Investment banking and securities dealing$4,171434.0
Spectator sports$3,712386.3
Open-end investment funds$3,293342.7
Miscellaneous intermediation$3,133326.0
Securities brokerage$2,978309.9
Portfolio management$2,806292.0
Petroleum refineries$2,727283.8
Soap and cleaning compound manufacturing$2,670277.8
Nonscheduled air transportation$2,500260.1
Credit bureaus$2,300239.3


Company Size

Ohio Businesses by Size

The solopreneur company, has the most businesses in Ohio. 53.7% of all businesses in the state have fewer than 5 employees. The 266,157 small businesses in the state represent 94.0% of all private businesses. The national average is 92.6%. (Small businesses have fewer than 50 employees, Solopreneurs employ fewer than 5.) The pie chart below illustrates the ratio of business sizes.

Ohio Employees by Business Size

The largest companies in the state represent 184.0% of all employees, which is 45.5% higher than the national average of 138.4%. Smallest companies also employ a lower percentage of the states workforce than the largest companies. The solopreneur (those that employ fewer than 5) companies employ 84.4% of all workers, which is 7.1% lower than the national average of 91.5%. All small companies, those employing fewer than 50 people, represent 662.7% of the labor force in the state, 112.6% more than the national average of 550.0%.

Ohio Avg Weekly Wages by Business Size

Ohio workers in every size business are paid less than the national average. The smallest companies in Ohio (those with fewer than 5 employees) pay workers 0.2% less than the national average ($973 per week as compared to the national average of $975 per week). The largest companies in Ohio (those with more than 1,000 employees) pay 27.2% workers below the national average ($1,480 per week as compared to the national average of $1,882 per week).



Data Sources




About the Writer

This page was created and is maintained by Kurt Tietjen, Founder of Stavera, High Peak Media & HomeGearWorks.com. Kurt is an executive, data scientist and software engineer who holds an MBA in Management Information Systems. In 2010, he partnered with scientists at Northwestern University to launch The Street Wire. This was one of the first mainstream uses of what would become “Narrative Science”, an artificial intelligence platform specializing in natural language generation. You can contact Kurt on LinkedIn here.